The urbanization doesn’t give you the joy of getting close to the nature and hence it’s only your balcony that brings you close to the nature. There is so much you can do with your small space without even spending very much! Balcony is the only space which brings you close to nature…you know look outside sipping your coffee and admiring the beauty of the nature. Many people think that decorating the balcony is no use as no one will ever see that place except you! But it should be your spot and you can visit to have your little ‘me’ time and breathe in the fresh air of your plants.
Balcony spaces are small and hence you never have to do too much or spend too much on that space. Today we bring you five balcony tips to have a happy space for yourselves. A balcony garden is not that difficult as it seems, you just need to know what you are doing and we are going to focus on that only. We will try to make your balcony, the favorite spot of your house.
Understand the role of the sunlight: Before you go to buy anything try to study the time and amount of sunlight your balcony receives as it is very important for plant maintenance. Sunlight is the most basic need of the plants and you need to understand that and choose your plants accordingly. See what factors are blocking your light- the light should be ample as many decorative plants needs direct sunlight for about 5-7 hours like lavender, sage, mint and basil. A north facing balcony can be a good home for plants if it has enough indirect sunlight i.e. nothing is blocking the sunlight. Indoor Plants which can grow even in low sunlight are snake plant, dumb plant, English ivy etc.
Selection of the plants: Understanding the amount of sunlight helps you to know that which type of plants you can grow and which you cannot. Now the second step comes to choose which type of plants you know to grow such as if you want the balcony to just look beautiful so you will like to go for plants with flowers, more unique colors and structures. While the other alternate is growing organic vegetables and fruits as they will be fresh and purely organic. For shady balconies decorative plants for the balcony will be Japanese Sago Palm, Snake Plant, Money plant, Chaenomeles, Dog wood etc. You can grow vegetables such as tomatoes, chilies, capsicum, coriander etc. And if your balcony has the right amount of light you can grow decorative plants like Marigold, Begonias, Pansy, Hyacinth, Creeping roses, Lavender etc. Vegetables that need full sunlight and you can grow them in your balcony are Eggplants, Peppers, Green Onions, Radishes, Beans etc.
You can always convert your railings into vertical gardens if you have less space available. For a more beautiful effect you can use vines and climbers to cover the walls and all the plant falling off creates a great scenery which you can sit and admire for hours.
Select the soil: different plants have different needs always collect the right container and select the soil according to the needs of the plants. Plants like English Ivy needs soil that have good draining capacity while plants like Marigold needs soil needs that can hold water for a while. Choosing soil according the pH needs and water retaining capacity is very important for the soil and for the plant maintenance. To increase the fertility of the soil use kitchen organic waste as the fertilizers increase the quantity of one particular nutrient in the soil and hence ruins the balance of nutrients in the soil. Always choose the container according to the size of the roots of the plants. The plant with the bigger roots needs a big container as it needs to breathe in the soil. The container needs to have a hole at the bottom as when you overwater the plant the excess water can get out from the bottom so that over watering doesn’t spoil the roots. Place a plastic container under the pot so that excess water doesn’t ruin your floor.
Watering the plants: Water is essential for the plant maintenance as it is for the human beings. If you don’t water correctly you are killing your plants! Water the plants at least once everyday in summers and in other weathers check the moisture of the soil and then water the plants. Use water which is at room temperature and is has pH of 7 or you can store the rainwater as it is beneficial for the plants. if watering the plants seems like a problem you can always take advantage of self-watering pots that ensures that plants are fed only when needed.
Vertical Gardening: A great option for making the most of your tiny balcony is vertical gardening. You can use a stack of planters, railing planters, vertical wall planters and hanging baskets for an amazing apartment balcony garden. Bromeliads, ferns, begonias, hostas, succulents, air plants and vines all make for great vertical gardening.
A wall pocket is another thing you can try and enjoy…. you can incorporate a variety of plant sizes, from spillers, fillers and thrillers, without major commitment. If you change your mind about where you want the wall pocket, you can move it. And because everything has its own container, the worry about companion planting goes out of the window. This is a great option for beginners.