Succulents, being small plants with fleshy and thickened leaves, store a significant amount of water in them. Their less maintenance and small size make them ideal for indoor gardening like balcony gardening , Terrace gardening. Succulents are the most preferred indoor plants by interior designers and home decorators. When we talk about plants that can save water, the first plant that comes to your mind is the cactus plant, I bet! However, all succulents are not cacti plants. Yes, they need limited water resources – dew and mist, making them more drought-tolerant.
Some of the best Succulents to grow indoors, or on terrace gardens , on Balcony Gardens are as follows:
- Medicine plant (Aloe vera)
- Zebra Cactus (Haworthia fasciata)
- Panda plant (Kalanchoe tomentosa)
- A string of bananas (Senecio radicans)
- A string of pearls (Senecio rowleyanus)
- Pencil cactus (Euphorbia tirucalli)
- Pebble plant or living stone (Lithops)
Since Succulents can retain water, they tend to thrive in warmer and drier climates. Hence, people in many parts of India, where Summer is quite a dominant season throughout the year, prefer Succulents for their terrace gardens, home and interior decors.
If you have just bought a succulent plant and probably wondering how to take care of it, here are all your questions answered
Breathing space to grow
I know, they’re sweet and small, perfect for your room but actually, they need space to breathe. Most of these plants, especially like aloe vera and kalanchoe succulent, need some good air circulation. Try to keep them closer to windows or on the terrace where they have a better chance of survival.
Limited sunlight, shade is essential.
You need to understand the fact that overexposure to sunlight may cause harm to your plants. They need some level of direct sunlight but not much. Even if you keep them in the shade entirely, they will tend to stretch out towards the light. If you insist on keeping them indoors, then you must at least provide them with an adequate amount of sunlight – a day or a few hours in the afternoon. Practising the right gardening techniques for succulents will help them grow beautifully with vibrant colours.
Tip: If you live in extremely arid weather, choose succulents that are red, grey, blue, or covered densely with spines (which help to reflect the sun’s rays).
Right soil type and drainage
Succulents require good drainage soil. Interior designers and home decorators often forget the fact that maintenance of the plants is also necessary, or else the plants might just die after a while. One can purchase cactus soil or incorporate sand, gravel or volcanic rock into a container for better draining practices. The best potting medium for a succulent is one specially formulated for cacti and succulents, or a well-draining mix of potting soil, coarse sand, and perlite/pumice. One can also make a hole or place crushed rocks for better drainage. Guess what! Spread some pebbles on top of it and make it look incredible.
Low water, Not Too much water
Alright, so remember this rule – Succulents DIE if you over water them. Overwatering succulent plants will rot them in no time! Most succulents die of overwatering than under-watering. Make a reminder on your phone to get in the habit of regularly watering your Succulent plants. It is entirely okay to leave them dry for a day or so; it is best for the plant. Water the small succulent containers once or twice a week and the bigger ones thrice a week diligently. Succulent plants hate excess water, so spare them!
Fertilisers are food to succulents
Succulents thrive in low nutrient environments, but fertilizers are essential for their growth. Fertilizers are actually like supplements to these plants. Invest in a good balanced organic fertilizer, cut the dose in half, and feed at the beginning of the plant’s growing season for best results. Once in 6 months is adequate. Go for it; it’s a one time purchase!